Know Your Sweeteners: Coconut Sugar


Nowadays, it seems like everyone’s looking for an alternative to plain-old sugar. Whether it’s for health or for taste, cafés and home baristas alike are exploring different options: honey, maple, agave, and more. In this installment of “Know Your Sweeteners,“ we’re turning our attention to coconut sugar, which has gained attention in recent years for potentially being a more sustainable and health-friendly sweetener than table sugar.

Read on to learn more, and try out a coffee recipe!

a small coconut in two halves held in a woman's hand.
Most coconut products come from Indonesia and the Philippines. Photo by Diana Kuleniuk via Unsplash.

Making Coconut Sugar

As its name suggests, coconut sugar comes from the coconut—but not from the part of the plant that you’d think. It actually comes from the coconut flower blossom and the sap that the flower naturally produces.

When preparing to make sugar, coconut “tappers“ will place a tap in the flower and collect the sap. The sap is then heated in a large pan to produce sugar. Most of today’s coconut products come from Indonesia and the Philippines, with India and Brazil also being top producers.

Flavor Profile: How Does It Compare?

Sweet and dark with notes of caramel, butterscotch, and toffee, coconut sugar has a taste similar to brown sugar, which is essentially white granulated sugar coated with molasses. When replacing table sugar, a one-to-one ratio is recommended.

A wooden spoon with coconut sugar in the bowl. The sugar is a light brown color.
Compared to table sugar, coconut sugar has a richer and darker flavor—similar to molasses, with notes of butterscotch and caramel. Photo sourced via Unsplash.

Compared to regular sugar made from sugarcane, coconut sugar is unrefined. It also contains antioxidants and trace amounts of minerals like calcium, iron, zinc, and potassium. Coconut sugar also has a lower glycemic index than table sugar; while table sugar has a glycemic index of about 60, coconut sugar has a GI of around 50-54. However, it’s important to note that while coconut sugar may be a slightly healthier alternative to table sugar, it’s still sugar—meaning that it should be consumed in moderation.

Ethical Sugar Production

Over the decades, the sugarcane industry has come under fire for a variety of reasons, with concerns being raised over how sustainable and ethical sugar farming and production is. Requiring less water in its production, coconut sugar is considered to be more sustainable than traditional sugar. In addition, coconut palms are capable of producing coconut sugar for up to 20 years, while the sugarcane plant requires being replanted annually.

Coconut sugar, which is traditionally produced by small farmers, is also being explored as a more ethical alternative to sugarcane, as the sugarcane industry has been historically riddled with human rights violations. Consuming coconut sugar that is organic and fair trade can help you further ensure that your product was sustainably and ethically produced.

A glass jar with iced coffee and a hand placing an ice cube in the glass. A saucer holds sugar cubes and spoon. A can straw sits in the glass jar.
A coconut sugar cold foam is the perfect topper to an iced coconut water Americano. Photo by Louis Hansel via Unsplash.

Recipe: Iced Coconut Water Americano with Coconut Sugar Cold Foam

Make use of both coconut water and coconut sugar with this refreshing recipe.

Ingredients: Coconut Water Americano

  • 8 oz coconut water
  • 2 shots of espresso

Ingredients: Coconut Sugar Cold Foam

  • ¼ cup full-fat coconut milk
  • 2 tbsp oat milk
  • 1 tsp coconut sugar (adjust to taste)
  • ½ tsp vanilla extract
  • ¼ tsp salt

Make your iced Americano in a glass by mixing coconut water with two shots of espresso and adding ice, leaving some room in the top of the glass.

Place the ingredients for your coconut sugar cold foam in a separate bowl and whisk or froth until the mixture becomes light and foamy.

Top the Iced Coconut Water Americano with the cold foam and enjoy.


Emily Joy Meneses (she/they) is a writer and musician based in Los Angeles. Her hobbies include foraging, cortados, vintage synths, and connecting with her Filipino roots through music, art, food, and beverage.

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